It's used to treat and prevent malaria infection, and to reduce symptoms and progression of autoimmune diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and others. Malaria is spread by mosquitoes, which transmit the parasites that cause the infection, usually in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. How does chloroquine work against malaria Difference between chloroquine and primaquine Vortex keratopathy plaquenil Mononucleosis is spread through saliva. If you're infected, you can help prevent spreading the virus to others by not kissing them and by not sharing food, dishes, glasses and utensils until several days after your fever has subsided — and even longer, if possible. The Epstein-Barr virus may persist in your saliva for months after the infection. SIDE EFFECTS. The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of PLAQUENIL or other 4-aminoqunoline compounds. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Corneal changes including edema and opacities can be symptomless or may cause disturbances such as haloes, blurring of vision or photophobia. They may be transient and are reversible when therapy is discontinued.-Maculopathies and macular degeneration can occur from 3 months to several years of exposure to this drug and may be irreversible. For example, it may be combined with an antibiotic to treat chronic Q-fever, which humans usually catch from farm animals or raw milk. Plaquenil is used to treat other types of infections too. Can plaquenil help mononucleosis Taking Plaquenil for Rheumatoid Arthritis, Side Effects of Plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine, Warnings, Uses Biaxin and plaquenil lyme diseaseChloroquine phosphate malaria prophylaxisPlaquenil weight gain lupusPlaquenil insertIs hydroxychloroquine safe to take while breastfeeding Plaquenil’s long half-life in the body can cause irreversible and progressive damage, Dr. Fung said. Similarly, one study reported that 16 women who’d taken hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine, or a combination of the agents, showed no improvement seven years after stopping drug therapy, and progression occurred in six of the cases. 2 Rx Side Effects New Plaquenil Guidelines and More - American.. Plaquenil Side Effects Common, Severe, Long Term -. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Side Effects & Dosage for Malaria. One of the reasons that physicians feel comfortable in prescribing Plaquenil is its low risk to benefit ratio. This means that the side effects of Plaquenil are mild and infrequent compared with its potential benefits. As with any medication, allergic reactions including skin rashes and non-allergic reactions can occur. After a roller coaster year and all test still come back good I am trying Plaquenil. It is working great. Swelling in my joints have gone down. Don't get me wrong i still have tough days but my joints feel so much better. So what does this mean. Do I have RA or Lupus or what. How can my blood work always come back good but I feel so bad. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is considered a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug DMARD. It can decrease the pain and swelling of arthritis. It may prevent joint damage and reduce the risk of long-term disability. Hydroxychloroquine is in a class of medications that was first used to prevent and treat malaria.